Innehållet publicerades under perioden 3 oktober 2014 till den 20 januari 2019

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Mellan den 3 oktober 2014 och den 10 september 2019 var hon utrikesminister.

Statsråd på denna sida som har entledigats

Mellan den 3 oktober 2014 och den 10 september 2019 var hon utrikesminister.

Tal av utrikesministern vid Women, Peace and Security-konferens i Rabat

Publicerad

Tal av utrikesminister Margot Wallström vid Women, Peace and Security-konferens, 7 september, Rabat, Marocko

Det talade ordet gäller.

Minister Bouaida, Excellencies, Distinguished Guests,

It is my great pleasure to be here today.

Thank you, Minister Bouaida, for hosting me and for inviting both qualified fellow speakers and an inspiring audience.

The theme of today's conference is: Women, Peace, Security and Development.

How very important this is.

All we need to do is to take a look at the world to understand why we must speak about this topic.

Your destiny is also our destiny. This is perhaps more evident now than ever before.

Today, the challenges that each of our countries faces are often common challenges.

We can address them better if we work together and learn from each other.

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I would like to begin by addressing three areas I believe are important to discuss when we talk about women, peace, security and development.

Firstly, we must talk about the fact that today, more than 60 million people are seeking refuge from war, persecution or other forms of violence.

Sixty million is the highest number since the Second World War – roughly the equivalent of the entire population of Italy on the run.

And if all those people who are now in need of humanitarian assistance made up one country, it would be the 11th largest country in the world.

The world's refugee population today is increasingly made up of women and young people. According to a recent UNICEF report, half of those seeking refuge today are children. Refugees are increasingly vulnerable, many living in urban areas, not in camps, hard to reach, and at serious risk of violation and exploitation.

How can we work together to better protect women, girls and boys who are forced to flee their homes? And how can we act more boldly to prevent conflicts, end conflicts and build sustainable peace?

Secondly, we must recognise that sexual and gender-based violence in conflict is a security challenge and a threat to development.

When I travelled in my capacity as the UN Secretary-General's Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflicts, I often came across three myths that we have to correct, namely that sexual violence in conflicts is inevitable, unspeakable or a lesser crime.

This is a dangerous narrative.

We must therefore speak up and call it what it is: a crime, a tactic of terror and a weapon of war. And we must fight it.

Thirdly, I am convinced of the need for a solid knowledge base, including statistics, as a starting point for informed decisions on policy and reforms.

I therefore believe that gender-disaggregated data and statistics are important.

This was – and still is – important in the case of Sweden.

And it is important in other countries.

I understand that Morocco has introduced gender-responsive budgeting. This sets an example for others.

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Gender equality is not a 'women's issue'. It is a core issue for international peace and security. Women and men both stand to gain from greater gender equality.

Indisputable evidence shows that women's participation leads to more sustainable peace.

When my Government assumed office two years ago, we declared that Sweden's Government is a feminist Government.

And I declared that Sweden would pursue a feminist foreign policy.

Why?

Because gender equality and women's participation in society are also peace and security issues.

I like to speak of three Rs: rights, representation and resources. Do women enjoy the same rights as men? Are they represented in society? And do they have the same resources as men?

As I said, evidence shows that women's participation leads to more sustainable peace.

And yet today, we are all too familiar with women being significantly underrepresented in, and excluded from, peace and mediation processes.

Out of 1168 peace agreements signed between 1990 and 2013, only 18 per cent made any reference to women and gender.

From 1992 to 2011, fewer than four per cent of signatories to peace agreements, and only nine per cent of peace negotiators, were women.

Sustainable development, peace and security can never be achieved if half the population is excluded.

I appreciate the important work that Morocco has done, in cooperation with Spain, to make women's role in mediation part of your joint initiative on the promotion of mediation in the Mediterranean. Your training of women in the field of mediation is impressive and sets an example.

As part of my Government's broader feminist foreign policy, we have initiated a Swedish network of women peace mediators. And we are also taking part in the development of a Nordic women's mediator network.

We aim to create networks with international women mediation teams from across the globe.

We hope to be able to cooperate with the Moroccan-Spanish Mediterranean initiative.

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I would like to conclude with a reminder to us all: human rights are women's rights and women's rights are human rights.

This is not only a value to carry in your heart.

Research shows that when women are involved in peace processes, the peace that follows is more sustainable.

So let us take note and carry gender equality in our heads too.

And finally, we should also recall that, according to UNESCO, the oldest continuously operating university in the world is to be found in the Moroccan city of Fez.

Most naturally, it was founded by a woman.

Thank you.

Statsråd på denna sida som har entledigats

Mellan den 3 oktober 2014 och den 10 september 2019 var hon utrikesminister.

Statsråd på denna sida som har entledigats

Mellan den 3 oktober 2014 och den 10 september 2019 var hon utrikesminister.